Citadel, for Symphonic Wind Ensemble, is my first composition for a large ensemble, symphonic band, written in 1975 when I was a junior in high school. Mom would drop us off at Wadsworth High School every morning at 7am on her way to the factory in Kenmore. Kevin, my twin, and I headed straight for the practice room where a Baldwin upright allowed our exploration of harmony. Most of my early pieces came from that piano. Our band director, Art Baldwin (a.k.a. “Sarge”) saw this score and offered to try it out with the band. Though we didn’t play it for the last concert like I hoped, we did read it a few times. Sarge allowed me to take the podium and was impressed that I could easily identify and correct wrong notes resulting from the parts’ notation errors.